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Human Growth and Development

Human Growth and Development

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Human Growth and Development

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  1. Human Growth and Development Bio-Med Academy

  2. Early Adulthood20-40 Most productive life stage! Physical Development: • Complete • Muscles are developed and strong • Motor coordination is at its peak • Prime childbearing time and usually produces the healthiest babies • Both male and female sexual development is at its peak Bio-Med Academy

  3. Early Adulthood Mental Development: • Many young adults pursue additional education to establish and progress in their chosen careers • Dealing with independence • Career choices • Establishes a lifestyle • Select a marital partner • Establish values Bio-Med Academy

  4. Early Adulthood Emotional Development: Young adults are subjected to many emotional stresses: • Career • Marriage • Family If emotional structure is strong, most can cope with these worries. Bio-Med Academy

  5. Early Adulthood Social Development • Young adults move away from peer group and tend to associate with others who have similar ambitions and interests. • Find a mate and form a family Bio-Med Academy

  6. Middle Adulthood 40-65 Physical Adulthood Changes Begin to Occur: • Hair tends to gray and thin • Skin begins to wrinkle • Muscle tone tends to decrease • Hearing loss starts • Visual acuity declines • Weight gain occurs Bio-Med Academy

  7. Middle Adulthood Females experience “menopause” • End of menstruation • Decreased hormonal production causes physical and emotional changes Bio-Med Academy

  8. Middle Adulthood Mental Development: • Mental ability can continue to increase during middle age. • Some seek formal education • Acquire an understanding of life • More confident in decision making and excellent at analyzing situations Bio-Med Academy

  9. Middle Adulthood Males • Experience a slowing of hormone production • Physical and psychological changes • Never lose the ability to produce sperm or to reproduce. Bio-Med Academy

  10. Middle Adulthood Emotional Development: • Job stability, financial success, the end of child rearing, and good health from disease prevention can all contribute to emotional satisfaction. Bio-Med Academy

  11. Middle Adulthood Social Development: • Family relationships change • Work relationships frequently replace family. • Relationship between husband and wife can become stronger • However, divorce rates are high in this age group • Friendships are with people who have the same interests and lifestyles. Bio-Med Academy

  12. Late Adulthood65+ People are living longer and the number of people in this age group is increasing daily. Bio-Med Academy

  13. Late Adulthood Physical Development: • On the decline • All body systems are affected • Skin becomes dry, wrinkled, and thinner • Age spots appear • Hair becomes thing and loses its shine • Bones become more brittle and porous and are more likely to fracture or break Bio-Med Academy

  14. Late Adulthood • Cartilage between the vertebrae thins and can lead to a stopping posture • Muscles lose tone and strength, which can lead to fatigue an poor coordination. • Decline in the function of the nervous system can lead to hearing loss, decreased visual acuity, and decreased tolerance for temperatures that are too hot or too cold. Bio-Med Academy

  15. Late Adulthood • Memory loss can occur, and reasoning ability can diminish. • Heart is less efficient, and circulation decreases • Kidney and bladder are less efficient • Breathing capacity decreases and causes shortness of breath. Bio-Med Academy

  16. Late Adulthood • It is important to note that these changes usually occur slowly over a long period of time. • Many individuals, because of better health and living conditions, do not show physical changes of aging until their seventies and even eighties. Bio-Med Academy

  17. Late Adulthood Mental Development: • Elderly people who remain mentally active and are willing to learn new things tend to show fewer signs of decreased mental ability. Bio-Med Academy

  18. Late Adulthood • Short-term memory is usually first to decline. • Diseases such as Alzheimer's can lead to irreversible loss of memory, deterioration or intellectual functions, speech and gait disturbances, and disorientation. Bio-Med Academy

  19. Late Adulthood • Arteriosclerosis can also decrease the blood supply to the brain and cause a decrease in mental abilities. Bio-Med Academy

  20. Late Adulthood Emotional Development • Some elderly people cope well with stresses presented by aging and remain happy and able to enjoy life. • Others become lonely, frustrated, withdrawn, and depressed. Bio-Med Academy

  21. Late Adulthood Emotional Distress caused by: • Death of a spouse and friends • Retirement • Physical disabilities • Financial problems • Loss of independence • Knowledge that life must end Bio-Med Academy

  22. Late Adulthood Social Development: • Retirement can lead to a loss of self-esteem. • Many will engage in new activities and continue to make social contacts. Bio-Med Academy

  23. Late Adulthood Important during this time: • Senior Centers • Golden Age Groups • Churches • Organizations helping elderly find their new role Bio-Med Academy

  24. Late Adulthood • Really need a sense of belonging • Self-esteem • Financial security • Social acceptance • Love Bio-Med Academy