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Human Growth and Development

Human Growth and Development

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Human Growth and Development

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  1. Human Growth and Development Day #12 October 15, 2012 The second half of the class begins today

  2. Agenda – Day 12 • Language Development • Children’s Book Review • Parenting and Discipline

  3. LanguageDevelopment Cognitive development supportsand is aided by language development

  4. Language Development • Competency develops first in language function ( uses of language) then on structure(sequence of words in sentence, grammar rules, etc.)

  5. Chomsky All children have an innate predisposition to learn language. This is known as a Language Acquisition Deviceor LAD

  6. Related terms • Over-extension • over-generalization of a set of words to inappropriate objects • Over-regularization • over-application of rules; same rules; all situations

  7. Vocabulary Development Predictable sequence first nouns then verbs then adjectivesand adverbs then conjunctions, pronouns, etc.

  8. Related concepts Private speech =Vygotsky’s idea that children review what they know and regulate their actions accordingly Through social use of language children incorporate potential learning into actual development

  9. Ponder these What can be done to stimulate a child’s language development? What is the difference between speech and language? What cues tell you that a child’s speech and language may not be developing normally? Special ability issues?

  10. Children’s Book Review

  11. Children’s Book Review NOT

  12. Review of Psychosexual Stages • Freudian Stages • Oral • Oral receptive fixation • Oral aggressive fixation • Anal • Anal retentive fixation • Anal expulsive fixation • Phallic • Oedipus and Electra Conflicts

  13. Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages • Infancy = Basic trustversusmistrust • Toddlerhood =autonomyversusshame and doubt • Preschool =initiativeversusguilt

  14. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development • Sensorimotor • What can be sensed and manipulated • Object permanence • Pre-operational • Learning language and basic concepts • Letters, numbers, colors • Managing egocentrism and centration • Conservation, reversibility, animism

  15. Baumrind’s Theory of Parenting • Authoritarian parenting • “Law and Order” • “Because I said so!” • Demand obedience • often maintain distance from child

  16. Baumrind’s parenting • Permissive Parenting • Fewdemandsyet nurturing and accepting • Tend to communicatewell with children

  17. Baumrind’s parenting • Authoritative Parenting • Negotiation and participation • Limits set and rationally explained • often democratic • mutual respect

  18. Other models of parenting • Traditionalespecially related to gender roles • Permissive forms • rejecting/neglecting • democratic/indulgent

  19. Spider Rock,Canyon de Chelly, Arizona

  20. SPIDER ROCK What role does this landmark play in discipline procedures? What dangersare inherent in this practice?

  21. Complexities of Parenting Child’s temperament Size of the family Child’s age and gender Parents age Marital relationship

  22. Discipline • What method is best? • For infants? • For toddlers? • For preschoolers? • Name some pro’s and con’s of physical (corporal) punishment

  23. Assignment • Test #2 due 10/22 • Begin Chapter 7 - 8 Middle Childhood – Grade School Years