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Communist China

Communist China

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Communist China

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  1. Communist China

  2. 1. China under Mao • Rebuilding China • Government • Shaped by Communist ideals • Discouraged the practice of religion • Seized property of rural landowners and redistributed it • Used 5 year plans for industry

  3. ii. Mao’s policies led to improvements in literacy rate and public health • Chinese life expectancy increased iii. Cost • Government began to eliminate “enemies of the state”, who had spoken out against the government’s policies

  4. b. The Great Leap Forward • 1958- Mao announced the program, Great Leap Forward • Designed to increase China’s industrial and agricultural output • Created collectively owned farms called communes; each was to produce food and have its own small-scale industry • Plan was a disaster • Led to criticism of Mao

  5. c. Culture Revolution • Movement initiated by Mao during the mid-1960s • Movement sought to rid China of its old ways and create a society in which peasants and physical labor were ideal • Results: • Eliminated intellectuals i.e. teachers, skilled workers and artists • Schools were shut down and militant high school and college students known as the Red Guard were encouraged to criticize intellectuals and traditional values

  6. iii. This movement will re-establish Mao’s dominance but caused terrible destruction in Chinese society

  7. 2. China after Mao • Reforms Begin • 1970s- China will end its isolation from the rest of the world • Nixon will go to China in 1972 • Gang of Four • Held much of the power in China • Were responsible for many of the worst features of the Culture Revolution • Will be imprisoned after Mao’s death

  8. iii. Deng Xiaoping • Became China’s leader after Mao • Put in place far-reaching market reforms called the Four Modernizations • Sought to modernize 4 areas: agriculture, industry, science and technology and national defense • Also gave businesses new freedom to make economic decisions

  9. b. Tiananmen Square • 1989 • Inspired by more economic freedom, more than 1 million pro-democracy protestors occupied Beijing’s Tiananmen Square • China’s leaders become impatient with them and ask them to leave the square • June 1989- The government responded with force killing many protestors in the Tiananmen Square Massacre

  10. c. China Today • China’s economy is the 2nd largest in the world • Chinese government encourages families to have 1 child • This is done to prevent population growth from harming economic development

  11. iii. Challenges • Had to import enormous qualities of coal, iron ore, oil and natural gas • Rapid industrialization has led to widespread air and water pollution

  12. iv. Human Rights Abuses • Is a concern for many critics of China • Government limits free speech and religious freedoms • Strict control over media • Political protestors are jailed • Courts are accused of not providing fair trials