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Communist China

Communist China

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Communist China

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  1. Communist China The Rise of Mao Zedong

  2. Collapse of Imperial Rule • China early 1900’s - ripe for revolution • traditionalists vs. modernists • Nationalists (industrialists) assume control of government -1912 • Capitalists, corrupt • exploited peasants • Leader: Jiang Jieshi (1925)

  3. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) 1921: creation of the CCP • Mao Zedong co-founder • Goal: implement communism • Peasant revolution against industrialists • Received advisors and supplies from Lenin • challenges Jiang and nationalists

  4. Chinese Civil War • 1930: Communists vs. Nationalists • Nationalists outnumber Communists 6:1 • Nationalists more industrialized • 1933: Nationalists push Communists on LONG MARCH to hide in interior of China • 6,000 miles • Mao sets up camps to educate and train peasant army • 1936: Japan invades Manchuria/China civil war to halt to reunite to fight them off • civil war on hold

  5. The Long March 1933-34

  6. Communists win… • 1946: Civil war resumes • Tide turns against Nationalists due to poor economy • Communists #’s increase and defeat Nationalists • October, 1949: China becomes communist

  7. Two Chinas • Peoples Republic of China • Leader: MAO Zedong • Communist • Mainland China • Supported by USSR • Nationalist China (Taiwan) • Leader: Jiang Jieshi • Nationalist • capitalist • Small island off coast of mainland China • China and USSR refuse to recognize it • Supported by USSR

  8. Transformation Under Mao • 1949: Communist Party members under 5 million • Mao implements: • Totalitarianism • Communism • Mao : • Seized land from land owners and divided among peasants • Nationalized private companies • Successful in reaching targets in production of coal, steel, and electricity.

  9. Problems under Mao • Lack of modern technology • Great Leap Forward was a failure • Family like replaced by commune life • 26,000 communes of 25,000+ people • People in Mao’s cabinet begin to get concerned and talk….bad move • Mao calls for CULTURAL REVOLUTION • Cleansing of gov’t • Many arrested and publically humiliated/killed • Mao eventually asked to step down and he does… • Mao dies in 1976 leaving behind a vast communist nation with large economic problems

  10. Life after Mao • New Leader: DENG XIAOPING • Emphasized • Progress in Agricultural • Industry • Defense • Science and Technology • RESULTS: • Economic reforms • Increasing food production • China more open to foreign tech and invesment…a success

  11. Unexpected Results • Gap between rich and poor increases • Western ideas enter China but gov’t does not adopt • Democracy • Freedoms • Chinese university students protest • Thousands arrested • Hundreds killed