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Communist China

Communist China

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Communist China

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  1. Communist China

  2. Mao Zedong • Mao Zedong used the Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution to control China • During his rule from 1948 to 1976 he maintained firm control of the Country through harsh policies

  3. Great Leap Forward • Goal- to industrialize China and move away from an agricultural society so it can compete with America • Put in to place in 1958 with two branches; agriculture and industry

  4. I. Agriculture • A. Mass Collectivization in rural areas • 1. Each commune was about 5000 families • 2. They owned nothing (tools, animals…) • 3. Schools, nurseries, elder care were all provided so all adults could work • 4. Communes ran “backyard furnaces” to produce steel • 5. The first year showed increased productivity

  5. II. Industry • A. Many people were sent from farms to cities to work in factories • 1. Factories produced farm equipment and steel for many building projects • B. Most agricultural output was sent to cities to feed the workers • C. Huge gains were shown in building and industrial output

  6. III. Failures • A. Poorly built farm machinery fell apart quickly • B. Too many workers were injured from overwork • C. Steel produced in “backyard furnaces” was too weak and construction fell apart

  7. D. Mass starvation and famine • 1. Too many farmers sent to cities meant not enough farm workers • 2. Most food was sent to cities to feed workers so people in the country starved • 3. Huge dip in farm production • E. After an estimated 43 million Chinese died the policy ended in 1962 • 1. Failures were blamed on natural disasters

  8. Cultural Revolution

  9. A violent movement launched by Mao in 1966 Meant to get rid of the the growing power of the educated elite • The youth of China were encouraged to find the “intellectual elite”

  10. I. Re-education • A. Anyone with more than a high-school education had to be sent for re-education • B. They were sent to rural areas and taught to live like peasants

  11. II. Banned Items • A. Any books that weren’t about Communism or Mao were banned (even ancient Chinese Literature) • B. Any item related to western culture was banned

  12. III. The Little Red Book • A. A collection of quotations from Chairman Mao • B. Second bestselling book in history (behind the Bible) • C. Required reading for all Chinese (school and work) • 1. If you were caught without the book you could be arrested and beaten

  13. IV. Red Guards • A. Made up of students who traveled throughout China spreading Mao’s teachings and searching for “closet capitalists” • B. They violently attacked intellectuals and destroyed museums, shrines and old books • C. Their goal was to get rid of the 4 olds; ideas, cultures, manners and customs

  14. V. Propaganda • 1. China was covered by propaganda posters featuring Mao, the Little Red Book, and happy Chinese people