Poetry Unit Figurative Language
Warm Up (Title: Week 5 warm ups) • Write a ½ page paragraph on the following topic: • What are your feelings towards poetry and why?
Why Poetry? • “There are many other things I have found myself saying about poetry, but the chiefest of these is that it is metaphor, saying one thing and meaning another, saying one thing in terms of another, the pleasure of ulteriority.” Robert Frost, 1946
Term Definition Example (Make up your own; you can copy the one given for reference) Picture (Make up your own)
Figurative Language • Literal language • Words mean what they mean • “The car is blue” means the car is blue • Figurative language • When words mean something else • You have to “figure” it out • “My dad is a bear” doesn’t mean my dad is a bear… • Means my dad acts like a bear • Usually used to emphasize something or give a clear mental picture
Comparing two things using the words “like” or “as” SIMILE “Do you ever feel like a plastic bag drifting through the wind?” =
Comparing two things WITHOUT the words “like” or “as” METAPHOR My students are zombies today. =
Giving human qualities to non-human things Personification “The cat’s ghastly singing awoke me.”
An exaggeration not meant to be taken literally Hyperbole (hi-PER-bo-ly) “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse”
The opposite of exaggeration (sometimes sarcastic). Under- statement It was getting a little warm in there.
A saying that doesn’t make sense literally. Idiom It’s raining cats and dogs out there!
When a word is used because it has 2+ meanings. Pun (play on words) That guy must be famous; he has so many fans. (Think corny pick up lines, jokes, memes)
When a famous story, person, event, thing or place is mentioned (often in a sneaky way) Allusion Animal Farm’s flag is an allusion to the old Russian flag.
V Denotation What a word means The word “red” is the name of this color
The emotions or ideas associated with a word. Connotation The word “red” is associated with things like love, power, danger and anger.
Sound Devices • Poetry is different from short story and novels because it uses sound to create meaning.
Onomatopoeia Words that sound like sounds The word ‘Vroom” comes from the sound a car makes.
When several nearby words begin with the same sound. Alliteration Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary…
When several nearby words contain with the same vowel sound (a, e, i, o, u). Assonance He saw the cost and hauled off.
When several nearby words contain with the same consonant sound (non-vowels). Consonance Her finger hungered for a ring.
When the end or final sound of two words are the same Rhyme Hay, day, way, say, bay, clay, pray all rhyme.
Rhythm/Meter When a line of poetry has a constant beat to it. Once upon a midnight dreary, While I pondered, weak and weary = Constant beat Wind / Blowing briskly / Leaves fall / From The Trees = NOT Constant (called Free Verse)