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Poetry Unit

Poetry Unit

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Poetry Unit

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  1. Poetry Unit Literary Terms for Poetry Unit Test

  2. Poetry - •  Variable literary genre characterized by rhythmical patterns of language

  3. Theme – • central idea or message of a poem

  4. Mood – • atmosphere the poet creates for the reader

  5. Tone – • poet’s attitude toward his subject

  6. Rhyme - • matching similarity of sounds in two or more words

  7. Internal Rhyme – rhyme within a line of poetry • Alliteration – repetition of initial consonant sounds • Assonance –repetition of vowel sounds • Consonance – repetition of ending consonant sounds

  8. End Rhyme • Rhyme where the last word at the end of each verse rhymes

  9. TerzaRima • Three line stanza with interlocking rhymes that move from one line to the next • ABA, BCB, CDC, DED, ect.

  10. Rhyme Scheme • The pattern of rhyme. The traditional way to mark these patterns of rhyme is to assign a letter of the alphabet to each rhyming sound at the end of each line.

  11. Onomatopoeia • Words that sound like what they mean

  12. Rhythm • the varying speed, loudness, pitch, elevation, intensity, and expressiveness of speech, especially poetry.

  13. Stressed Syllables • Emphasized or accented syllables • Marked with a / over the syllable

  14. Unstressed Syllables • Un-emphasized or un-accented syllables • Marked with a ∪ over the syllable

  15. 2 Syllable Foot • Iambic Foot (Iamb) • Unaccented syllable followed by accented syllable • ∪/ • Trochaic Foot (Trochee) • Accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable • /∪

  16. 3 Syllable Foot • Anapestic Foot • 2 unaccented syllables followed by 1 accented syllable • ∪∪/ • Dactylic Foot • 1 accented syllable followed by 2 unaccented syllables • /∪∪

  17. Meter • The number of syllabic feet in a line of poetry • Monometer – 1 • Diameter – 2 • Trimeter – 3 • Tetrameter – 4 • Pentameter – 5 • Hexameter – 6 • Heptameter – 7 • Octameter - 8

  18. Form - The "shape" or organizational mode of a particular poem

  19. Lyric Poem • a short poem designed to be set to music that expresses the feelings, perceptions, and thoughts of a single poetic speaker

  20. Epic Poem • Long narrative poem about a serious subject

  21. Narrative Poem • A poem that tells a story

  22. Fixed Form Poems • A poem that may be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas

  23. Haiku – “575” poem • Japanese poem consisting of 3 lines usually about a location, wildlife, or common everyday occurrence and set in a particular season

  24. Ballad – • a narrative poem consisting of quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter

  25. Sonnet • A lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter;It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines

  26. English/Shakespearian Sonnet • uses three quatrains; each rhymed differently, with a final, independently rhymed couplet that makes an effective, unifying climax to the whole • Rhyme Scheme - abab, cdcd, efef, gg

  27. Italian/Petrarchan Sonnet • as an eight line stanza (called an octave) followed by a six line stanza (called a sestet) • Rhyme Scheme • abba, abba, - Octave • cdecde, cdcdcd, or cdedce - Sestet

  28. Figurative Language • Whenever you describe something by comparing it to something else and go beyond the literal meaning to give new or fresh insight to an idea or subject • Most common ones: Metaphor, Simile, Alliteration

  29. Personification – • giving human characteristics to something non-human

  30. Imagery • All the objects and qualities of sense perception (5 senses) referred to in a poem

  31. Motif – • a re-occurring symbol or image

  32. Metaphor – • comparison of two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as”

  33. Simile – • comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”

  34. Epic Simile • A formal, sustained simile on a serious subject

  35. Synecdoche • Part representing the whole using a physical part of the whole

  36. Hyperbole • Extreme over-exaggeration

  37. Symbolism • Person or object representing something beyond itself

  38. Diction – • word choice

  39. Connotation • The emotional meaning of a word

  40. Denotation • The literal or dictionary meaning of a word

  41. Irony – • contrast between what is expected and what actually happens

  42. Verbal Irony – • contrast between what is said and what is meant

  43. Understatement • Deliberately representing something as very much less important than it really is, or is ordinarily considered to be

  44. Situational Irony • contrast between what is expected and what actually happens concerning “circumstance” or “physical place”

  45. Dramatic Irony Reader knows something that a character does not

  46. Paradox • A seeming contradiction

  47. Elegy • A formal and sustained lament in verse for the death of a particular person, usually ending in consolation

  48. Limerick • A single five-line stanza in anapestic meter, rhyming aabba, with the third and fourth lines shortened from three feet to two feet, most are meant to be funny and sarcastic

  49. Ode • A long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style and elaborate in its stanzaic structure