Structure of Poems • Stanza---the division of lines in a poem • Quatrain---set of 4 lines per stanza • Couplet---pair of rhyming lines • Rhyme Scheme---pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Senses • Reading poetry, one is meant to feel the words, experience the words, not just READ the words • Poetry uses sensory language and poems often appeal to a person’s senses • 5 senses sight, smell, sound, taste, and touch
“I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”William Wordsworth (pg 897) • What is the rhyme scheme? • How many lines are in each stanza? • What senses does the author appeal to?
Personification • Giving human qualities to non-human objects. • Tell some examples of personification from “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”.
Imagery • Descriptive language used to help the reader create pictures in the reader’s mind
“O Captain! My Captain” • Elegy • Metaphor
Simile and Metaphor • Simile compares 2 things using the words “like” or “as” • Metaphor compares 2 things without using “like” or “as”
Langston Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance • Renaissance means rebirth • Hughes referred to as the Poet Laureate of the Negro Race • Harlem became large cultural area for African Americans in early 1900s • By 1950s, when Hughes wrote Dream Deferred, it had become poverty stricken
“Dream Deferred” Langston Hughes • “Dream Deferred” uses ____________ • What is Hughes’s opinion about dreams? Cite the lines that support your answer? (ln ___)
I, Too • Read Poem (online) • http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/177020 • Watch video clip---Discovery Education • How does this poem CONTRAST with “Dream Deferred”? • Do you think Pres. Obama ever had feelings like the ones expressed in “I, too, sing America”?
Alliteration • Repetition of initial consonant sounds • Gives emphasis to words, imitates sounds, or creates musical effects.
Types of Poems • Lyric • Narrative • Dramatic • Haiku • Sonnet
Lyric • Short poem that expresses the author’s thoughts and feelings about a single subject • Usually kind of musical or rhythmical
Repetition Repeated words or phrases throughout a poem In Class Assignment: “Hotel California” ws
Narrative • Poem that tells a story • It has plot, characters, setting and a theme • Has a rhythm or a beat • Does not have to rhyme • Centerfield-John Fogerty • Read “Casey at the Bat” pg. 40 • Complete “Casey at the Bat” worksheet
Sonnet • 14 line lyric poem (about a single subject) • Contains 3 quatrains (4-line stanzas) and a couplet (two lines) at the end. • Rhyme scheme is usually ababcdcdefefgg Sonnet 116 “Marriage of True Minds” Shakespeare wrote many of these
Dramatic • Similar to a narrative but the speaker is not the poet. • Often has dramatic monologue • Speech given by one character that reveals thoughts and feelings • Can use dialogue---conversation between 2 or more characters • Read “The Seven Ages of Man” (p. 945)
In your notebooks, answer: How does this cartoon compare with Shakespeare’s “Seven Ages of Man”? How are they similar? How are they different?
Haiku • 3 line Japanese verse form that is about a single emotion using images of nature • 1st and 3rd lines of poem have 5 syllables • 2nd line has 7 syllables • See p. 956 for examples
Example of Haiku 1 2 3 4 5 Dragonfly catcher, 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 How far have you gone today 1 2 3 4 5 In your wandering?
Review for Final • Know all of the poetry definitions and the types of poems. • Be able to apply these to poems. • As this is the last unit we finished, there will be many questions about this on your final exam.
Review the following poems: I Wandered Lonely as a CloudDreams Dream Deferred The EagleJabberwockyCasey at the BatHaikus Ecclesiastes3:1-8 The Seven Ages of Man