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Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech

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  1. Parts of Speech Conjunctions and Interjections

  2. 8 Parts of Speech • Noun • Pronoun • Adjective • Verb • Adverb • Preposition • Conjunction • Interjection • Every word in a sentence is one of these 8 parts of speech

  3. Conjunction • A conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups. (Phrases and clauses)

  4. Coordinating conjunctions • These connect two independent clauses (Complete sentences) F-For A-And N-Nor B-But O-Or Y-Yet S- So

  5. Examples • Jake wants to play for KU, but he needs to work on his vertical. • Joe is brilliant, and Ali has a pleasant personality. • Do not use your credit cards frequently, or you'll soon find yourself deep in debt. • Tatiana became addicted to English, and that surprised no one who knew her.

  6. Examples Cont. • They are also used to connect elements of a series. Notice the comma usage. • Merrileespent her summer studying advanced math, writing, and reading comprehension. • Presbyterians and Methodists and Baptists or Southern Baptists are the prevalent Protestant congregations in Oklahoma.

  7. Examples Cont. • They may also be used to join a dependent clause (Subordinate) to an independent clause (Complete sentence) • It is hard to say whether Hemingway or Fitzgerald is the more interesting cultural icon of his day. • Although Hemingway is sometimes disparaged for his unpleasant portrayal of women and for his glorification of machismo, we nonetheless find some sympathetic, even heroic, female figures in his novels and short stories.

  8. Subordinating Conjunctions • These establish a relationship between the dependent (subordinate) clause and the independent clause. It turns the dependent clause into a phrase that is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning. After In order that When Although Now that Whenever As Once Where As if Rather than Whereas As long as Since Wherever As though So that While Because Than Before That Even if Though Even though Till If Unless If only Until • Again, this is not an exhaustive list, but these are the most common subordinating conjunctions

  9. Examples • He took to the stage as though he had been preparing for this moment all his life. • Because he loved acting, he refused to give up his dream of being in the movies. • Unless we act now, all is lost.

  10. Correlative Conjunctions • These are pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups (clauses) that are used in the same way. both…and either…or whether…or not only…but also neither…nor

  11. Examples • Both Jim Thorpe and Roberto Clemente were outstanding athletes. • We want to go to not only Ontario but also Quebec. • Either we will buy it now, or we will wait for the next sale. • Neither Mark Twain nor James Joyce won the Nobel Prize in literature. • We should decide whether to stay or to go.

  12. Interjections • Interjections are words that express emotions. An interjection has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence. • Since these words have no grammatical function within the sentence, they are set off by an exclamation point or commas. • Ah oh whew • Aha oops whoa • Boy-oh-boy ouch wow • Hey uh-oh yahoo • Hurrah well yikes

  13. Examples • Hey! Be careful of that wire. • There’s a skunk somewhere, ugh! • Well, I guess that’s that. • I like that outfit, but, wow, it’s really expensive. • Oops! The stoop is slippery • Our team won the playoff! Yippee!

  14. Homework • pp. 78-82 Ex. 25-28