Poetry Unit S.C.O.S: 5.01 and 5.02
Warm-up: • Write a definition for each word in the homograph pairs below: • Hair/hare • Flour/flower • Pail/pale • Reign/rein
What is Poetry? • It is a way of organized writing that uses lines instead of paragraphs. • Elements of Poetry: • Form • Sound • Figurative Language • Imagery
Elements of Poetry • Form: the way it looks on the page • Types of Form: • Stanza: groups of lines (4,6,8) • Blank Verse: lines have rhythm but do not rhyme • Free Verse: lines have no rhythm or rhyme • Rhymed: word at the end of some lines rhyme or sound alike • Couplet: 2 consecutive lines that rhyme
Elements of poetry • Sonnet: 14 lines with a particular rhyme scheme • Haiku: a poem of 3 lines with specific syllables in each line (5, 7, 5) and mostly about nature • Concrete: a poem that makes a picture on the page • Internal rhyme: 2 or more words in the same line rhyme. Ex: The cat in the hat.
Sound • Helps express meaning and emotions • Types of Sound: • Rhythm: pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables • Rhyme: words that sound the same or similar (hat, cat) • Alliteration: repeating beginning consonant sounds (big, black bear) • Assonance: repeating vowel sounds (the cat in the hat sat on a tac) • Onomatopoeia: a word that represents a sound (bang, hiss, pop)
Figurative Language • Language that is NOT meant word for word • Types of Figurative Language: • Simile: a comparison that uses the words LIKE or AS • Metaphor: a comparison that DOES NOT use the words like or as • Personification: giving human actions or features to something that is not human, (the stars winked at me) • Hyperbole: an exaggeration (He weighs a ton!) • Idiom: a phrase that has a meaning different from the literal meaning. (Hit the books) • Oxymoron: opposite or contradictory terms used in a combined form (pretty ugly)
Imagery • Word or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses “I could taste the sourness of the lemon as it made my lips pucker.”
Kinds of Poems Narrative: poems that tell a story Epic: a long poem about a hero Ballad: a poem that was originally sung (we still call songs ballads) Dramatic: a poem that has a conversation among characters. Think Shakespeare! Lyric: a poem that expresses that poet’s thoughts and feelings
Today is Tuesday, September 7, 2010 • Warm-up: Identify the simile in the following example. Copy the lines in this poem and underline the simile in each line.: “ The willow is like an etching, fine lined against the sky. The ginkgo is like a crude sketch, hardly worthy to be signed.”
Today is Wednesday, September 8, 2010 • Warm-up: In your own words answer the following question: What is a haiku?
Haiku • From the Japanese we have inherited the sensitive yet powerful haiku (high-coo). It is a three-line, seventeen syllable, unrhymed poem about nature. • It captures a moment in nature or in life and allows the reader to visualize the scene.
Lets look at the following examples: • An old silent pond (5) • A frog jumps into the pond (7) • Splash, silence again.(5) Basho What images do you see when you hear this poem?
In the darkest woods (5) • A weeping willow tree cries (7) • Who made such sadness? (5) G.Lipson What images do you see when you hear this poem? What are the descriptive phrases used in this poem?
Let’s Practice: • Take these words and turn them into descriptive phrases: • For example: lake can be used like this: A lazy, placid lake. • Sun • Willow tree • Night sky • Ocean • Beach
Today is Thursday, September 9, 2010 • Warm-up: Write 2 definitions for each word below: • Count • Down • Fast • Fly
Today’s Agenda: • Take out your haiku worksheets • With a Partner share your haiku’s and answer the following questions together: • Does the first line in my poem have 5 syllables? • Does the second line in my poem have 7 syllables? • Does the last line in my poem have 5 syllables? • What is my partner’s haiku about? • Are there any mispelled words in my haiku? • What changes will you make to make your haiku more descriptive?
Finalize Haiku • On a clean sheet of regular or construction paper, re-write your haiku and decorate it. • Put you First and Last name, class period, and today’s date on the back of your poem.
Today is Friday, September 10, 2010 • Warm-up: Write 3 definitions for each homograph: • Lap • Meter • Pound • Spell