What did the South need to do to achieve its goal of independence? GOAL: STRATEGY:
Technological Advances Contribute to High Casualty Rates Military Advances: • Advanced rifles & artillery* • Repeating Rifles • Iron-clad ships • Telegraph • Railroads • Observation Balloons *Long-range weapons gave defenders an advantage such that by the end of the war, 9 out of 10 infantry assaults failed. ADVANCED WEAPONS + ANTIQUATED INFANTRY TACTICS HIGH CASUALTY RATES
Why might the South have had a military advantage at the beginning of the war?