The Civil War Slavery and States Rights
Growing National Divisions • Slavery was one issue that divided the nation along sectional lines • North had immigrant labor to work in factories • South had an agricultural economy that relied upon slave labor
Growing National Divisions • Economic differences led to sectional disagreements • North wanted tariffs to protect industries • South opposed tariffs because they increased the price of imported goods • South believed that the states had the right to ignore tariffs and other federal laws • Under the states’ rights argument, state power was greater than federal power
Act. Growing National Divisions • Westward Expansion and Division • Compromise of 1850 • Created a way for territories to become states • Fugitive slave law • Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854- states could decide whether to be a slave or a free state • Missouri Compromise-no slave states north of 36 30”.
Growing National Divisions • Supreme Court and Division • Dred Scott decision-court ruled that African Americans were not citizens and could not sue in federal court • Congress could not ban slavery in federal territories
Texas Joins the Confederacy • Republican Abraham Lincoln won election and received no electoral votes from the South • South was afraid that he would abolish slavery • South Carolina seceded form the Union • Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana soon followed
Texas Joins the Confederacy • Texas called a special meeting to discuss secession • This angered the Unionists • Unionists were people who wanted to stay in the Union and work out differences over slavery • 1 out of 4 Texans were Unionists, including Sam Houston • March 2, 1861, Texas seceded form the Union after the people of Texas voted. • Sam Houston was forced to resign as governor because he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Confederacy
The Confederate States of America • In February of 1861, Montgomery, Alabama, representatives from seceding states formed a new government. • Confederate Constitution emphasized sovereignty or supremacy of the state and the right of the people to own slaves • On March 5, 1861, Texas wrote a new constitution, which was basically the same document, but the references to the Confederacy.