“Touchscreen” • Journal: What are your thoughts on this poem?
Discussion • What is Marshall’s message about technology? • Which message was stronger – mine or his? Why?
Journal • What is poetry? Define the word “poem.” • How do you feel about poetry? Like it? Hate it? Love it? Unsure? Why?
What words do we like in this definition? Poem: A verbal composition designed to convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way, characterized by the use of language chosen for its sound and suggestive power and by the use of literary techniques such as meter, metaphor, and rhyme.
Discussion When is a poem better than prose (written or spoken language in its ordinary form)?
“Sarah Sylvia Cynthia Stout” by Shel Silverstein • What is your favorite poem from childhood? Why did you like it? • What has changed?
Word Association • Door • School • Beach
Chain Poem - Clock • When my alarm clock gobbled up all of my best time to dream,my thoughts began racing, it wasthe sun competing with the moon,it was success calling to me,"Come, join my team."
Chain Poem – your own Ideas to start • TV - soap - smile • Toothbrush - bread - legos • Mirror - radio - puzzle • Bike - airplane - sneeze • Book - anchor - algebra • Snow - hat - biology • Pillow - football - tears • Leaf - tutu - gift
Overall Learning Targets • I can define, identify and analyze the elements of poetry individually and as used in a poem.
Metaphors Metaphor: A comparison between two things that does NOT use the words “like” or “as” Examples: • My brother was a sneaky weasel. • She has a heart of gold.
Similes • Simile: • A comparison between two things that uses the word “like” or “as” Examples: • His snores rumble like a freight train. • Their love was as comfortable as an old pair of jeans.
Symbol • Symbol: • A person, place, or object that represents something greater or beyond itself
How do I read a poem? Start with SOAPS! • Speaker • Occasion • About • Purpose • Structure
Speaker: • Who is the speaker of the poem? What do you know about him or her? • Note: The speaker is not necessarily the poet. The poet often invents a character to be the speaker!
Occasion: • What is the occasion of the poem? What event prompts the speaker to speak?
About: • What is the subject of the poem? What is happening in the poem? • (“Summary”)
Purpose: • Why was the poem written? (Think theme, message, or deeper meaning) • What was the author’s purpose?
Structure: • What do you notice about the structure of the poem? (rhyme, shape, stanzas, lines) • How does the structure help you understand the purpose?
Types of Poems • Concrete Poetry • Poetry that visually conveys the poet’s meaning through the shape of the poem on the page
Which SOAPS strategy is the most important for understanding a concrete poems? Why?
Types of Poems • Haiku • Traditional Japanese poem • a three-line poem with seventeen syllables, written in a 5/7/5 syllable count • Usually focuses on images from nature - a brief moment in time
Haiku Examples – count! I walk across sand And find myself blistering In the hot, hot heat. - Author Unknown I kill an antand realize my three childrenhave been watching. - Kato Shuson
What do you think? It is very cold The snow is white and freezing I can’t feel my feet
Imagery • Descriptions, phrases, words that help the reader paint a picture in his/her head. • “Shows” not “Tells” • Ex. The cold rain fell as she walked to her car. • Ex. The icy pellets pierced her flesh as she fought her way through the parking lot
Imagery Her face had become a palette of expression. A piece of art twisted, tangled, and marked exactly as society forbade.
Onomatopoeia • A word that imitates the sound it represents.
Alliteration Why might you be tricked by this example? • The repetition of IDENTICAL consonant sounds. • Ex. Pensive Poets, Nattering Nabobs of Negativism • Must appear at beginning of words!
Assonance • Repetition of VOWEL sounds • Ex. I’m gOing hOme alOne. • Can happen anywhere in the words. • it’s the SOUND that matters.
Consonance • the repetition of CONSONANT sounds • Ex. LiLies Lounge LaziLy • Can happen anywhere in a word
Rhyme • The repetition of identical concluding syllables in different words. • Ex. Lucky Ducky, Loop group
Rhythm Rhythm:the pattern of sounds made by changing the stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem. • Ex: any song on the radio
End-rhyme • Rhyme that happens at the end of lines in poetry. • Words are EXACT rhymes • Little Miss Muffet sat on a tuffet
Try it out with a partner! • Using the “Congo” poem, identify two examples of each of the poetry terms: • Rhyme • Alliteration • Assonance • Consonance • Onomatopoeia
Personification Personification: An object, animal, or idea given human characteristics Example: “The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night” (Hughes )
Hyperbole Hyperbole: An exaggeration used for emphasis or effect Examples: “I’ll love you, dear, I’ll love youTill China and Africa meet,And the river jumps over the mountainAnd the salmon sing in the street,I’ll love you till the oceanIs folded and hung up to dry” (Auden) “I’m so hungry I can feel my stomach caving in!”
Tone & Mood Tone: The poet’s attitude toward his/her subject Mood: The emotional atmosphere of the poem The difference: • Tone comes from the author and is determined based on word choice. • Mood describes how the reader might feel while reading the author’s words.