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Vietnam. Tourism. Introduction. Country Background…Wendie Investment Statistics…Alex Visitor Statistics…Kenny War related Tourism…Meredith Non- War related Tourism…Tom. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam 1990 the European Union established official diplomatic relations with Vietnam.
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Introduction • Country Background…Wendie • Investment Statistics…Alex • Visitor Statistics…Kenny • War related Tourism…Meredith • Non- War related Tourism…Tom
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam • 1990 the European Union established official diplomatic relations with Vietnam. • 1992 Vietnam signed a 1976 ASEAN agreement on regional amity and cooperation, regarded as the first step towards ASEAN membership • 1996 ASEAN membership • 1992 Vietnam established diplomatic relations with South Korea • 1995 Vietnam and the United States agreed to exchange low-level diplomats. • 1997, the U.S. and Vietnam established full diplomatic relations. • http://www.go-vietnam-hotels.com/general_info/history.htm
Vietnam Background • Location - Southeastern Asia - bordering Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, the South China Sea, and Laos - between China and Cambodia
Vietnam Background • Geographic Characteristics - total land area is 325,360 sq. km (125,621.496 sq. mi.) • Terrain - South and North, low flat delta - Center, mostly highlands - Far North and Northwest, hilly and mountainous
Vietnam Background • Climate - tropical in South - monsoonal in North - hot, rainy season - warm, dry season -” In Vietnam there exist a variety of ancient tropical fauna and about 200 species of animals, 800 species of birds,100 species of amphibians and over 150 species of reptiles. 1,000 species live in the seas and rivers and 200 species live in fresh water”- Embassy of Vietnam
Vietnam Background Economy - GDP is approx. $83.5 billion - Agriculture makes up 36% of the GDP. Currency - new dong - US $1~ ND $11,000
Foreign Direct InvestmentFDI in first 7 months focused on Industrial Zones Total licensed projects:332 Total registered investment capital: US$794million (+81% in projects, +0.5 % in capital) (Source: Vietnam Economy Times)
Foreign Direct InvestmentInvestment Status : Investment by sector Source: VIR 7-13/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct InvestmentRealized capital Source: SGT weekly (01/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : economic activity Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : province Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : main counterpart Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Reasons for Increased Tourism • Modernizing and developing economy. • Tourist campaigns highlighting beaches, golf courses, adventure travel, and history. • Affordability
Sample Tour Package to Vietnam • INCLUDES: • Twins sharing room at 2-3 star hotel. 12 nights in total. • Meals as mentioned the Program. 12 breakfasts, 11 lunches and 12 dinners, 7USD / lunch or dinner / person. Special requirement ( vegetarian, Muslim food ) could be arranged with prior notice from guest. • Land transfer by A/C vehicle for whole trip • Domestic air ticket from Hanoi to Hue • Domestic air ticket from Danang to Sai Gon • Sailing boat trip in Halong bay • Dragon boat trip in Perfumer River in Hue • English/French speaking guides. Other languages are available upon request. • Admission fees for all tourist places. • EXCLUDES: • International flight from/to Vietnam • Visa arrangement • Personal expenses (laundry, phone calls etc.) • Drinks • Tips and gratuities
War Tourism Vietnam is most prominently known as a place of war and political strife. However, as the country opens up to foreign investment, war tourism has become an increasing attraction.
Places of Interest • Ho Chi Minh Trail • Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) • Hue
Ho Chi Minh Trail • The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a supply route used by the Vietcong during the war. It consisted of mazes of jungle, paths, tunnels, and canals which the Americans and South Vietnamese failed to conquer. • Currently, a 42 kilometer section is under restoration to become a sightseeing trail. This is estimated to cost $3.5 million and should be completed by 2005.
Ho Chi Minh TrailTourism • Tourists will stop at war sites as well as learn about the ecology and culture of the area. • Ta Con airport • Troung Son cemetery • Includes a memorial for the soldiers who kept the trail opened • Dakroung forest • Van Kieu-Pa Ko ethnic groups http://www.vnn.vn/english/765/2003/9/15076/
Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) • War Remnants Museum (Museum of American War Crimes) • Displays illustrations of violent crimes committed against civilians by American soldiers during the Vietnam War, such as the spreading of toxic defoliant and torturing of prisoners. Includes a mock prison with emaciated models that are beheaded and dismembered. 6 million visitors (1 million from abroad) have entered the museum in the past 29 years.
Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) • Military Museum • Collection of tanks, shells, bombs and wreckage from American and Vietnamese troops. • Rex Hotel • A popular hangout for American soldiers during the war. Preserved to look much as it did during the war. • Apocalypse Now Nightclub • One of many nightclubs that have emerged with a war theme to attract tourists. • Cu Chu Tunnels
Cu Chi Tunnels • “The Cu Chi tunnels, a 75-mile-long underground maze where thousands of fighters and villagers could hide, are at the top of the list of tourist spots for Ho Chi Minh City, 45 miles to the southeast.” New York Times • “Besides housing a huge guerilla garrison that operated safely yet within easy striking distance of the American forces in Danang, the mountain caves also offered sleeping quarters, kitchen and a full field hospital.”New York Times
War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels
War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect “Following the man in green fatigues, the tourists arrive at an open-sided hut, where the women in black show them to their seats. There, on a big-screen television set, the Vietnam War plays on: B-52's drop strings of bombs, villagers run for cover, communist guerrillas fight back.” (New York Times) A sign outside the tunnels reads: "Please try to be a Cu Chi guerrilla. Wear these uniforms before entering tunnel." Black pajamas, pith helmets, rubber sandals and old rifles are available.” (New York Times)
War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect Visitors can: • Pay $1 a bullet to shoot an AK-47 rifle. • View reproductions of American GI Zippo lighters that say such things as • "Death is my business and business has been good." • "I know I'm going to heaven because I've already been to hell: Vietnam.“ • Purchase dog tags and jewelry made from bullet shells New York Times and www.gluckman.com/vietwar
Hue • Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) • A 5 kilometer patch of land stretching from the Laotian Border to the South China Sea that was desecrated by bombs and battles. • Trucks take the tourists around the battlefield area where there are guns lying next to the road in a downward position, symbolic of American defeat. Along the tour, one will see bombed churches, old bridges, and rotting tanks.
Hue • It is impressed upon the tourists that the fields were planted with mines, which still go off occasionally, thus continuing America’s destruction on Vietnam. The people living around the area, however, have been creative with the wreckage. Old shells have become flowerpots and parts of fences, and tarnac from airfields now appears nailed into roofs.
Hue • Quang Tri Tunnels • Vinh Moc was the first city in North Vietnam to be hit by US bombs. These tunnels were built by local villagers in order to escape bombings by B-52’s. • Each family was entitled to 4 meter’s squared of space, which then connected to other families spaces to form webs of tunnels. • The tunnels included meeting rooms and a clinic, where 17 babies were born underground.
Hue • Khe Sang Base • Located in the DMZ, this base was the sight of pivotal fighting in the war. Used to deploy US soldiers into North Vietnam. • Ta Con Airport • Important airport of the Khe Sang Base, which had the most modern equipment and best soldiers.
Hue • Today, Khe Sang Base and the Ta Con Airport are being renovated to better attract war buffs since most of the actual war remnants no longer exist.
Tourism (not war related) Vietnam possesses variety of tourist attractions: Hanoi Capital of Vietnam History, Museums, Temples etc… Ha Long Bay Recognized by UNESCO as natural wonder Over 3,000 Islands 165 km from Hanoi Sapa “Sapa is still a must-see on any northern Vietnam itinerary. On a clear day you will treated to views of steeply terraced rice fields, towering verdant ridgelines, primitive mud-thatched villages, raging rivers and astounding waterfalls.” (Vietnamadventures.com)
Hanoi • Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam • Large city • Located in East Plains of North VN. • European City • Population: 2 million
Hanoi • Where to stay? • Sofitel Metropole Hanoi • $200 per night for a single or double. • Classic French Colonial Hotel – recently remodeled “Before the recent building boom in upscale hotels, the Metropole was ‘The Place’ to stay in Hanoi. For many, it still is. This classic French colonial hotel in the center of Hoan Kiem District was restored and remodeled a few years ago by the Sofitel chain. Today the Metropole is as much a hub for business and society as it is a hotel.” (Vietnamadventures.com)
Hanoi • Places of Interest: • The Ba Dinh Square Zone • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum • Uncle Ho’s house-on-stilts • Ho Chi Minh Museum • The West Lake Zone • Area of over 800 hectares
Ha Long Bay • Main Attractions of Ha Long Bay: • Calm clear waters • 3000 Island’s and Limestone Mountains • Sandy Beaches • Location: • 165km from Hanoi • Northern part of VN
Ha Long Bay • Bai Chay (Scorched Beach) • Dark Sand, 70 deg F • Named Scorched Beach b/c of historical event. • Perfect place to start a tour of Ha Long Bay
Ha Long Bay • Hang Dau Go (Wooden Stakes Cave) • One of most beautiful caves at Ha Long • 3 Chambers to the caves • Outer Chamber • Largest Capacity (~3000 people) • 25 m high ceilings • Middle Chamber • Famous for colorful stalagmites and stalactites • Inner Chamber • Much Smaller than others • Stone wells full of fresh water year round