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Vietnam PowerPoint Presentation

Vietnam

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Vietnam

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  1. Vietnam Containment, Domino Theory

  2. Vietnam

  3. Domino Theory The Domino Theory was that if North Vietnam won the war then Laos Cambodia and the rest of Asia will turn communist. America and south Vietnam did not wan to be communist and let it spread throughout Asia.

  4. What is a just war? A just war is that:- • A good intention should be behind it • It should be a last resort • There must be a chance of success How should a just war be fought:- -innocent people should not be harmed • Only appropriate force should be used • Internationally agreed conventions regulating war must be obeyed

  5. History of Vietnam • Once a Colony of France –rubber, tin & rice • Part of French Indochina • Cambodia • Laos • Vietnam • Japanese capture during WWII • French return to claim colony after Japan’s defeat

  6. Introduction The Vietnam war occurred in Vietnam. Laos and Cambodia during 1959 and 30 april1975. the war started when communist north Vietnam tried to take over the republic of south Vietnam. It was the longest war America ad ever fought in and it lasted 15 years. North Vietnam wanted to take over South Vietnam. If they succeeded then it’ll be likely that Laos and Cambodia will turn Communist. Laos and Cambodia might’ve turned Communist because they are so vulnerable

  7. FOR & AGAINST OF THE WAR • AGAINST:- • Vietnam could fight for themselves • The U.S used napalm which killed 400 000 innocent civilians • No one in America supported the war as it used unnecessary force which massacred the whole village • William Kaylie was responsible for the killing of loads of civilians. He was imprisoned for life. • most of South Vietnam didn't support the U.S • Many Americans staged anti-war protest • FOR:- • it’ll help South Vietnam • justice may be brought • There wont be any communism • The Domino Theory was that if south Vietnam became communist then all the other Asian countries will become against. • The Americans had more weapons, machine guns, rockets, launchers, tanks and helicopters. • The war established peace and stability.

  8. Vietnam • Ho Chi Min – Communist leader-Fought side by side inWW2 against Japan.Countries have no allies …….. • declares Vietnamese independence in 1945 • Goals: • Independent Vietnam • Unified Vietnam • Land Reform

  9. Truman Years • US Policy – 1950-1956 • Containment and Truman Doctine • Provide military aid to French to defeat the Communist Vietminh • French Lose

  10. Geneva Peace Talks • Vietnam divided at 17th Parallel • North – Communist • Leader Ho Chi Min • Gained Popularity through land reform • South – Non-Communist Dictator • Leader - Ngo Dinh Diem • Refuses Land Reform • Unification pending free elections

  11. Eisenhower Years • Policy of Containment • Domino Theory • Fall of Vietnam would lead Other countries in SE Asia to fall • U.S. sends $ to aid South Vietnam in resisting Communism

  12. The Kennedy Years • Sends military advisors and $ to South Vietnam • Diem’s corrupt govt. unpopular • Military coup - Diem Assassinated • Civil War • Vietcong – Communist in S.V. aided by Vietminh in N.V./USSR vs. • non communist in S.V/US

  13. Johnson Years • Gulf of Tonkin Incident – US boats torpedoed by N. Vietnam • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution – Congress gives Johnson authority to send troops • 1965 – 165,000 • 1968 – 500,000 • War unpopular in US

  14. Nixon Years Vietnamization – Train S.V. troops to replace US troops • Massive bombings - put pressure on N. Vietnamese to end the war • Starts to bring troops home

  15. Ending the War • Vietminh agree to ceasefire • 1973 - Last US troops leave • 1975 – N. Vietnamese invade S. Vietnam • S. Vietnam Surrenders • Vietnam becomes a unified communist country

  16. Costs of Vietnam War • 57,000 US Soldiers Dead • 2 Million Vietnamese Dead • 150B Financial Cost • US loses First War • Reluctance to commit US troops over seas

  17. Vietnam Today • Remains a Communist Country • Unified – no longer North and South • US ended trade embargo in 1994 • US established diplomatic relations in 1995