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Vietnam PowerPoint Presentation

Vietnam

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Vietnam

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  1. Vietnam Unit 5 Lesson 7 Part II (Sections 31.3 & 31.4)

  2. Objectives • Review how the US became involved in Vietnam’s struggle for independence. • Trace the roots of opposition to the war and describe the antiwar movement. • Evaluate the impact of 1968 on US involvement in Vietnam. • Analyze the legacy of the Vietnam War

  3. Warm Up • What beliefs concerning the communist threat in Vietnam were shared by both JFK and LBJ? • What differed? • Domino Theory • Must stop • Financial aid and military assistance • JFK ready to leave…LBJ couldn’t lose • LBJ sent a large # of troops

  4. Review • History of Vietnam? • French Indochina • Japan WW2 • Reoccupied FRA • First Indochina War? • Vietminh Mvmt( CHN & USSR) • France & Puppet (US) • Geneva Accords? • Divided 17th Parallel until Elections ‘56

  5. North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Communist South Vietnam Diem ousts Dai Corrupt govt War? SV rejects ‘56 election NLF & Vietcong in SV Diem killed in coup US Involvement? Ike: $ & Military Advisors, SEATO JFK: $ & More Advisors LBJ: $ & Troops (Americanization) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution USS Maddox Broad Military Powers Operation Rolling Thunder US Public Reaction? Credibility Gap = Hearings Review

  6. A Divided Nation • Congress • Hawks & Doves • Selective Service & Resistance • Conscientious objectors • Medical exemption • Educational deferment • National/ Coast Guard • Draft Dodgers • Working Class War • Lower class whites & minorities

  7. Student Protest Movement • New Left- radical change to fix poverty & racism • SDS- Govt & business ruled, need individual freedom • Hayden’s Port Huron Statement • Columbia Univ • FSM- UC Berkeley student protests free speech restrictions

  8. Resistance Tactics • Peaceniks • Civil Disobed – sit-in, teach-in, strike • Marches & Demo’s • Active Resistance – ROTC, CIA, Dept of Def attacks • Dodgers & Bonfires • Counterculture – drop out

  9. Turning Point: 1968 • Jan Tet Offensive • VC attack 5 of 6 major cities on Tet holiday (break ceasefire) • Mar 1968 • My Lai Massacre and cover-up! • US and SV win, but US in shock…

  10. Johnson Bows Out • McNamara Quits • Great Society Failed • Dem Opposition (RFK) • Public discontent and criticism • Private Issues • Wife wanted to retire • Feared dying on job “Can’t win a war and an election…”

  11. 1968 Election • (D) Humphrey • (R) Nixon • (I) Wallace • Intense political process • Nixon wins close vote • Law & Order @ home • Peace w/honor abroad

  12. Nixon in Vietnam • PLAN: Vietnamization- US troops out, control to SV • REALITY: Increased bombings, including Laos & Cambodia (attack secret border hideouts) • Renewed protest • Chicago “Weathermen” • Kent State “Massacre” • Jackson State • Vs. “Silent Majority”

  13. Forcing Peace • Operation Linebacker II • Nov/Dec 72 • Force North to table • Paris Peace Accord • Jan 23, 1973 • Ceasefire, US Withdrawal, POWs/MIAs, Reconciliation Talks (17thuntil)…

  14. Aftermath • 1975 Fall of Saigon • Vietnamese Boat People (refugees) and Amerasians (outcasts) • Cambodian Civil War • War Powers Act/Resolution • Pentagon Papers • 1995 “Normal” Relations

  15. Impact of War • 58K Dead, 300K Wounded (PTSD), 2.5K POW/MIA • $170 Billion spent (inflation) • Abolished draft, Weakened military • Divided nation, cynical nation, less faith in govt • Question role in world affairs

  16. Closure • Compare and contrast US efforts in Vietnam to those in War on Terror in 21st century.