Unit 1: Poetry English 9
What is poetry? What is included in this broad term? What constitutes poetry? ***Brainstorm and list some ideas in your notes • Brainstorming Results:
How is poetry defined? • Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines “poetry” as… “…writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm”
***These are notes and DO NOT go in the folder with warm-ups and writing. Put these elsewhere! • Verse: In poetry, this refers to ONE single line
Metaphor: Comparison of unlike things not using like or as (Ex. The typical teenage boy’s room is a disaster area.) • Simile: Comparison of two unlike things USING like or as (Ex. I am as busy as a bee.)
Personification: Giving human characteristics to inanimate objects (Ex. The tree wept with sadness at the litter.)
Symbol: Something that stands for more than its literal meaning (Ex. Traffic light in Cool Hand Luke)
Internal Rhyme: Rhyme contained in one line of poetry (Ex. It was the first that ever burst.)
End Rhyme: When word at the end of the verse rhymes with another end word in another verse
Irony: Difference between what you EXPECT to happen and what ACTUALLY happens
Rhyme Scheme: Pattern of rhyming verses in poetry (ABAB, CDCD) • Stanza: Group of verses with similar ideas
Alliteration: Repetition of initial CONSONANT sound (Ex. Mustang madness)
Assonance: Repetition of vowel sound in a verse (Ex. "Try to light the fire“)
Annotating Poetry: • Read the poem to yourself. What is confusing? What do you need to go look at again? What stands out to you? CIRCLE • Read the poem again. This time, what verses give you the best insight into the meaning of the poem? UNDERLINE the verses. • Determine a theme– DRAW ARROWS to verses that support this theme • Find as many of the literary terms we just discussed and HIGHLIGHT them • ***1 – On your own, 2 – Small group, 3 – Whole class
“100 Years” - Five for Fighting *We will read the poem together… • Circle confusing parts • Underline important verses • Draw arrows to verses supporting theme • Find as many literary terms as possible Five for Fighting - "100 Years"
“The Road Not Taken” – Robert Frost Written in 1916 Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim Because it was grassy and wanted wear, Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I marked the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.
Walt Whitman (1819-1892) • “I Hear America Singing” • I hear America singing, the varied carols I hear, • Those of mechanics, each one singing his as it should be blithe • and strong, • The carpenter singing his as he measures his plank or beam, • The mason singing his as he makes ready for work, or leaves off • work, • The boatman singing what belongs to him in his boat, the deck- • hand singing on the steamboat deck, • The shoemaker singing as he sits on his bench, the hatter singing • as he stands, • The woodcutter's song, the ploughboy's on his way in the morn- • ing, or at noon intermission or at sundown, • The delicious singing of the mother, or of the young wife at work, • or of the girl sewing or washing, • Each singing what belongs to him or her and to none else, • The day what belongs to the day—at night the party of young • fellows, robust, friendly, • Singing with open mouths their strong melodious songs.