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The Civil War Journey

The Civil War Journey

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The Civil War Journey

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  1. The Civil War Journey Click Here to begin!

  2. Navigation To go to the next slide click: To go to previous slide click: To go to main menu click:

  3. Introduction

  4. Home • Causes of the War • Major Battles • Life at War • Historical Documents • Take the Quiz

  5. Causes of the War North Views South Views

  6. North Views • The North was focused on city life and their industrial society. • After the Louisiana Purchase, the North wanted the land to be made up of free states. • They were for the abolition of slavery and tried to gain sympathy for their abolitionist movement.

  7. South Views • The south was very reliant on the cotton crop, therefore also dependent on slavery. • After the United Stated gained land from the Louisiana Purchase, the south wanted that land to be slave territory. • They were against the abolition of slavery and had strict consequences for slaves who tried to run away.

  8. Major Battles Fort Sumter Shiloh 1st Bull Run 2nd Bull Run Gettysburg

  9. Fort Sumter • Officially started the Civil War • Open fire, although no soldiers were killed • A call to arms from both sides • After a Confederate victory, Abraham Lincoln sought out more volunteers for the war.

  10. Shiloh • Ulysses S. Grant vs. P.G.T. Beauregard • Took place in Southwestern Tennessee • 2 day battle • Bloodiest day in American History • Considered to be America’s introduction to the “total warfare” part of the war • Union victory

  11. 1st Bull Run • Also known as First Manassas • First major battle of the Civil War • Union Led by Irwin McDowell • Confederates led by Joseph E. Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard • Confederate victory

  12. 2nd Bull Run • John Pope vs. Robert E. Lee • Stonewall Jackson ordered an attack on a federal column that was passing across his Warren Turnpike • Pope proceeded to attack • Confederate victory

  13. Gettysburg • George E. Meade vs. Robert E. Lee • Took place in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania • Largest and most costly battle in United States History • 3 day battle • Take down of Meade’s army= turning point in the war • Union victory boosted their confidence

  14. Life at War Weapons Used Common Challenges of Soldiers African-American Soldiers

  15. Weapons Used • Bayonets • Swords • Handguns • Rifles • Artillery Pieces • pikes

  16. Common Challenges of Soldiers • Poorly trained • Inadequately fed • Poor housing conditions • Lacked proper medical care • Had no access to sports, entertainment, etc.

  17. African-American Soldiers • Made up 10% of the Union Army • Only free black men could enlist as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation • Due to Racial Prejudices, most Blacks were given non-combat jobs such as cooks and laborers. • Paid less than white soldiers

  18. Historical Documents Emancipation Proclamation Gettysburg Address

  19. Emancipation Proclamation • Issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 • Granted freedom to slaves under Union control • Allowed black soldiers to fight for the Union • Tied the issue of slavery directly to the war • Purpose was to restore peace and Union control in the Civil War

  20. Gettysburg Address • Given by President Abraham Lincoln • Dedication ceremony to honor the soldiers who died in the battle of Gettysburg, which turned the tide of the war to the Union. • Although it was only a 2 minute long speech, it is the most quoted one in American History

  21. Review • North vs. South opposing views • North= antislavery • South= pro slavery • Major Battles • First and Second battle of Bull run • Fort Sumter (start of war) • Shiloh (bloodiest battle) • Gettysburg

  22. Review Continued • Life at War • Soldiers had it rough and Black soldiers had it even harder • Many weapons used such as bayonets, swords, and handguns • Major Documents/Speeches • Emancipation Proclamation • Gettysburg address • Both given by Abraham Lincoln Quiz!

  23. Welcome to the Quiz • Each question is multiple choice or true or false. • Clicking on an answer will give you instant feedback. • Answer each question until you have completed the quiz with 100% accuracy.

  24. Question 1 Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Civil War? A) The South’s reliance on slavery for agriculture B) The North tried to steal the South’s slaves C) The North wanting to abolish slavery D) The Louisiana Purchase

  25. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Think back to who was for and against slavery.

  26. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  27. Question 2 Which battle was known as the bloodiest battle in American History? A) Fort Sumter B) Gettysburg C) 1st battle of Bull Run D) Shiloh

  28. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: It was a 2 day long battle.

  29. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  30. Question 3 True or False? The Union won the 2nd battle of Bull Run. A) True B) False

  31. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Which side seemed to be having more trouble at the start of the war?

  32. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  33. Question 4 Which of the following battles was known as the turning point of the war for the Union? A) Shiloh B) 2nd battle of Bull Run C) Gettysburg D) Fort Sumter

  34. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Think back to when the Union finally had a big victory.

  35. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  36. Question 5 Which of the following was NOT a weapon used in the Civil War? A) Handguns B) Rifles C) Bayonets D) Atomic Bombs

  37. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: One of these had not yet been created.

  38. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  39. Question 6 True of False? Soldiers had to struggle with inadequate housing, training, and medical care. A) True B) False

  40. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Think back to the living conditions of soldiers.

  41. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  42. Question 7 True or False? Due to prejudices, African American soldiers were given non-combat jobs such as being cooks. A) True B) False

  43. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Think back to the rights that African Americans had at the time.

  44. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  45. Question 8 This famous speech only lasted about 2 minutes long. A) The Emancipation Proclamation B) “I Have a Dream” C) The Gettysburg Address D) The Declaration of Independence

  46. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Try to identify if each of these were speeches or written documents.

  47. Correct! Please proceed to the next question

  48. Question 9 This famous document allowed Black soldiers to fight for the Union. A) The Emancipation Proclamation B) The Declaration of Independence C) The Constitution D) The Gettysburg Address

  49. Incorrect! Please go back to the previous question and try again. Hint: Try to eliminate any documents that may not have been written at the time of the Civil War.

  50. Correct! Please proceed to the next question