Who was involved in the Civil War? • The Civil War was fought between the Confederacy (Also known as the Confederate States Of America or as “The South”) and the Union (known as ‘The North”) • The Confederacy were the 11 states that succeeded from the United States … • To keep the practice of slavery. • To make their own states rights and laws. • The Union were the remaining 23 sates who stayed with the United States without slavery. • Although with the exception of the five border states who may have kept slaves but stayed with the United States.
Confederacy • South Carolina • Mississippi • Florida • Alabama • Georgia • Louisiana • Texas • Virginia • Arkansas • North Carolina • Tennessee • States that seceded before April 15, 1861 • States that seceded after April 15, 1861 • Union states that permitted slavery • Union states that forbade slavery
The Union • California • Connecticut • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Maine • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Nevada • New Hampshire • New York • New Jersey • Ohio • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • Vermont • States that seceded before April 15, 1861 • States that seceded after April 15, 1861 • Union states that permitted slavery • Union states that forbade slavery BorderStates ( States with slavery but did not succeed) • Kentucky • Missouri • Delaware • Maryland • West Virgina
Leaders During the Civil War there were plenty of different people taking on leading roles in and out of battle (i.e. Generals, Officers, est.) but these are the presidents of both the Confederacy and the Union. Union Confederacy Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln
Battle of Fort Sumter April 12th-13th 1861 Confederacy In Charleston, SC Union Major Anderson • General Beauregard • Zero Causalities The significance of the battle is that is was the beginning of the Civil War between the Confederacy and the Union. Won the battle!
1st Battle of Bull Run They won this battle… July 21, 1861 (1861-07-21) Confederacy Manassas Tennessee Union Gen. Beauregard and Con. “Stonewall” Jackson Brigadier Gen. Irvin McDowell • 1,982 • Causalities In this battle both sides realized how long and brutal this war would be. • 2,896 Causalities
Battle of Gettysburg Confederacy Union July 1 to July 3, 1863 Gen. Stonewall Jackson Gen. Meade This battle was a huge turn around for the Union… This began the Confederacy's defeat. • 23,000 • 28,000 • Casualties
The Battle of Fort Fisher Union Confederacy This war was one of the last battles for the Confederacy… This Battle closed the last port to the Confederacy so they could no longer get fresh supplies from their alliances or from the Bahamas. Gen. Alfred H. Terry Gen. Braxton Bragg • 1341 Causalities • 583 Casualties
The Battle of the Appomattox Courthouse Confederacy Union General Grant’s General Lee In this Battle Gen. Lee Surrendered and was the end of the Civil War even though there were still minor battles after this surrender.
Weapons Rifles During the Civil War, the rifle was the most used weapon in the war. Most of the rifles during that time were loaded with a small lead ball and black powder. Most rifles at this time were muzzle loaded muskets. These rifles were used by both the Union and the Confederacy
Cannons The Howitzer- 12, 24, and 32 pound shots could be used. The Napoleon- 12 pound shot mainly. With a range from 250 – 1700 yards, cannons were very helpful to both armies. Especially the Napoleon for its light weight and portability it could be brought to the front lines with ease
Pistols Colt 1851 Navy: Confederates Single action, 6 shot Colt Army 1860: Union Single action, 6 shot Accurate up to 75-100 yards.
Swords 1850 Army Officer’s sword Bayonet: attached to rifle, close range
Ships U.S.S. Monitor Fully armored ship Rotating gun turret C.S.S. North Carolina Ironclad war ship
Transportation Horses Although most infantry traveled on foot, horses were used to move equipment and supplies. Some small groups of cavalry, mounted on horseback, were also used to attack in enemy territory.
Transportation • Railroads played a major role in moving troops and weapons. The Union corp. of engineers laid tracks and built bridges for the military trains. • They delivered staple products like guns, ammo, and clothes.
Ships These were a main role in giving the Confederacy much needed goods They would use blockade runners to sneak past the Union.
End of Civil War The Union Became Victorious!! • The final surrender of Confederate troops occurred June 23, 1865.
How did the Civil War affect America’s Future? • There are many ways it affected the U.S. like how it helped modernize the South. But Mainly it kept the U.S. from becoming two different countries. Also it paved the way for different states to be made…. It freed the slaves and increased the bond between blacks and whites.