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The Civil War, 1861-1865 PowerPoint Presentation
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The Civil War, 1861-1865

The Civil War, 1861-1865

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The Civil War, 1861-1865

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Civil War, 1861-1865

  2. Mobilization, Strategies, and Diplomacy

  3. Comparing the Sides

  4. Mobilization in the North and South

  5. The Anaconda Plan Gen. Winfield Scott Divide Confederacy and squeeze to death

  6. Struggle for the Border States and Wartime Diplomacy Union goal: To hold the borders states and prevent international recognition of Confederacy Southern Goal: Use cotton power to encourage foreign recognition and bring in border states.

  7. The War: 1861-1863

  8. Bull Run: The First Clash, July 1861 Confederate Victory!

  9. Early Union Victories in the West U.S. Grant’s Army seizes Ft. Henry and Donnellson Grant secures victory at Shiloh, April 1862 David G. Farragut’s fleet captures New Orleans

  10. The Peninsular Campaign Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan

  11. The Faces of War: Soldiers and the Fallen Photos

  12. 7th New York State Militia, Camp Cameron, D.C., 1861 10thMississippiFlagBearerSilasCBuck'sUnsurrenderedFlag 22d New York State Militia near Harpers Ferry, Va., 1861 22nd New York State Militia near Harpers Ferry, Va., 1861

  13. 1860-1865 Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside 1860-1865 Gen. A. Ames and staff 1860-1865 Gen. Benjamin F. Butler 1860-1865 Gen. Benjamin F. Butler2

  14. 1860-1865 Gen. John Pope 1860-1865 Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, C.S.A 1860-1865 Gen. Joseph Hooker 1860-1865 Gen. Meade

  15. 1860-1865 Gen. William T. Sherman 1860-1865 Gen. Winfield S. Hancock 1860-1865 Gen. Winfield S. Hancock and Generals Francis C. B 1860-1865 Gen. Winfield Scott

  16. 1861 October, U.S. Grant and staff 1861, 7th New York State Militia, Camp Cameron, D.C. 1861, 7th New York State Militia, Camp Cameron, D.C. #2 1861, Ninth Massachusetts Infantry camp near Washington, D.C

  17. 1862, Camp of 31st Pennsylvania Infantry near Washington, D. 1862, Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, Harrison's Landing, Ja 1863 April, Officers of 61st New York Infantry, Falmouth, Va 1863 August, Officers and non-commissioned officers of Co.

  18. GeneralJohnstonJosephE GeneralJosephHooker62 GeneralLongstreet63 GeneralNathanBedfordForest

  19. GHT signature Grand Review, 1865. Washington, showing reviewing stand with Granger arrives at Snodgrass Hill with reserves Grant

  20. 1861-1865, Unburied dead on battlefield 1862-1863, Battle-field of Gaines Mill, Va. 1862-1865 Alexandria, Va. Soldiers' Cemetery 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Bodies of Confederate soldiers,

  21. 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Four dead soldiers in the woods 1863 July, Pennsylvania, Gettysburg Battlefield, Field where 1863 July, Pennsylvania, Gettysburg. A Harvest of Death 1863 July, Pennsylvania, Gettysburg. A Sharpshooter's Last S

  22. 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Bodies of Federal soldiers, kill 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Dead Confederate soldiers in 'th 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Dead Confederate soldiers in the 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Dead soldiers in the wheatfield

  23. 1865 April 12, Confederate boy, age 14, lies dead outside b A dead Rebel Soldier A dead Rebel soldier, inside the Union picket lines. This v Incidents of the war. A harvest of death, Gettysburg, July,

  24. 1864 May 19, Scene of Ewell's attack, May 19, 1864, near Sp 1864 May, Fredericksburg, Va. Burial of soldiers 1864 May, Spotsylvania Court House, Va., vicinity. Body of 1864, Nashville, Tenn. Tomb of President James K. Polk

  25. 19thIowaPOWsCampFord,TylerTX 1863 July, Gettysburg, Pa. Three Confederate prisoners 1863 June, Virginia, Fairfax, Confederate prisoners at court 1864, Chattanooga, Tenn. Confederate prisoners at railroad d

  26. 1865, Libby Prison, north side, Richmond, Va. AndersonvilleBurial64 AndersvilleCemetery-ReburialSupervisedByClaraBarton Confederate prisoners at Belle Plain Landing, Va., captured

  27. FederalInmateofBelleIslandCamp1 FederalInmateofBelleIslandCamp2 'HotelDeZouave'11thNYFireZouavesCastlePinckneyCharlestonHarbor

  28. Robert E. Lee Invades the North, 1862 Invasion turned back at Antietam, September 17, 1862, the bloodiest day of the war

  29. The Irish Brigade at Fredericksburg

  30. The Turning Point, 1863 Vicksburg: Surrender, July 4 1863 Gettysburg, July 1-3 1863

  31. Pickett’s Charge, July 3, 1863

  32. Union Victory: The War, 1863-1865

  33. Sherman’s March to the Sea, 1864-1865 Sherman’s March to the Sea, 1864–1865 Sherman dealt a decisive blow to the Confederate cause by waging ascorched-earth campaign across Georgia, destroying vital supplies and weakening Southern morale.

  34. The Final Battles in Virginia, 1864-1865 The Final Battles in Virginia Campaign, 1864–1865 Grant’s strategy for defeating Lee was to combine superior strengthand a relentless offensive. It resulted in extremely high casualties, buteventually cornered Lee at Petersburg. Lee surrendered at nearbyAppomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865.

  35. Behind the Front Lines: The War at Home

  36. Waging Modern War

  37. The Hardships of Modern War

  38. Civil Unrest caused by War The Sedition of the Copperheads Conscription Act of 1863: Drafted citizens into the Union Army In the South, shortage of food and the “Twenty Negro Law” caused similar discontent.

  39. Emancipation Emancipation Proclamation: Issued after Union victory at Antietam in 1862 Freed the slaves in the seceded states on Jan. 1, 1863 Changed the goals of the war TheodoreKaufmann’s On toLiberty (1867) Widespread selfemancipationbyslaves in the earlyyears of the wareventually promptedthe Lincolnadministration tomake emancipationofficial policy.