Civil War Jake Minchew For Mrs. Cowart
Causes • States Rights • Trade Imbalance • Slavery
States Rights • States have rights. • The U.S. government has rights. • Which are more important?
Slavery • North wanted to prevent the spread of slavery. • Issue was over whether the federal government could tell states what to do.
Fort Sumter • The firing on Ft. Sumter was the start of the shooting conflict between the north and the south.
Emancipation Proclamation • Issued after the start of the war • Written by President Lincoln • Met mixed reactions • Ordered the slaves to be freed • This didn’t happen until the war ended.
Sherman’s March to the Sea • Army marched from Atlanta to Savannah • Path was 50 miles wide • Burned and destroyed everything
Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox • April 9, 1865 • Ended the Civil War • His men were allowed to return home.
Abraham Lincoln • 16th President of the United States. • His election led to several southern states leaving the Union. • Served as President of the U.S. during the Civil War. • Wrote Emancipation Proclamation • Was assassinated
Ulysses Grant • Commander of the Northern Army at the end of the war.
Jefferson Davis • Former Secretary of War for the United States and Former U.S. Senator from Mississippi • President of the Confederate States of America.
Robert E. Lee • Leader of the Confederate Army. • Known as great military mind. • Was offered command of the Union Army by President Lincoln at the start of the war. • Turned down that offer to defend his home state of Virginia.
Frederick Douglas • Former slave who escaped • Learned to read and write • Great speaker
Harriet Tubman • Former slave • Escaped slavery • Conductor for the Underground Railroad • Helped over 300 slaves escape to freedom
Life on the Battlefield • Only officers had tents • Carried all their belongings on their backs • Very boring when not actually fighting • Played games • Wrote letters
Life on the Homefront • Women had to run farms and businesses • Worried about soldiers • Wrote letters • Worked as nurses • Often lost everything
Effects of the New Amendments • 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments • Slavery outlawed • States’ rights • Everyone had right to vote
Reconstruction • Had to rebuild things that were destroyed • Freed slaves had to learn how to live on their own • Soldiers returned home
What was the cause of the shooting conflict between the North and the South?