The CIVIL War. The War between the North and the South. http://www.soldierstudies.org/images/webquest/civil%20war%20soldiers.jpg Paul Choi Edci 270 March, 2008
Target Audience/ Learner Description • The Audience will be students between the grades of 6th to 8th. • The learners will be gifted students that will be motivated to learn in depth about certain events and causes of the Civil War. • The students will be coming from a background of learning about slavery and different Presidents. • The students will be any socioeconomic level.
Learning Environment: • Each student will work in a computer lab where they will be listening, reading and analyzing power points made specifically for this section. The teacher will also communicate to the students so that the students can respond to questions that are given with the correct response.
Learning Objectives: • Upon the completion of this lesson in the Civil War, students when they are given credible materials and applicable activities should be able to identify causes of the Civil War and certain defining moments in the Civil War. With a quiz that will administer their knowledge these students should answer the questions with 100% success.
The CIVIL War. The War between the North and the South. Click here to begin your Journey! http://www.mountaincharlie1850.org/images/civil_war_flags_sm.jpg Paul Choi Edci 270 March, 2008
The Main Menu. • What would YOU like to learn about. • These will be the different topics that you can gain more knowledge about. • Click to next page for Directions. Defining moments in the Civil War. The North and the South (Union Vs. Confederate. Directions Causes of the Civil War.
Directions. • Read thoroughly through the Power Point slides to get a firm idea of the knowledge that is being presented before you. • After grasping the information go through the presentation and learn the information. • Review as many times as you wish to understand the material. • At the end of the lesson you will be quizzed on your knowledge of the Civil War. • If your ready go to the next slide to choose the topic you first want to learn!
The Main Menu. • What would YOU like to learn about. Defining moments in the Civil War. The North and the South (Union Vs. Confederate. Causes of the Civil War. TAKE THE QUIZ!!
Inside of the United States there was the Union (The North) and the Confederates (The South) To Learn more, click on one of these pictures. The Union (The North) The Confederates (The South) http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/cwar-pix/civmap.gif http://www.culturalresources.com/images/maps/USAcivilBig.jpg Apply Yourself
The States that made up the North • Oregon, California, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware.
A leader from the Union. • Ulysses S. Grant was promoted by Abraham Lincoln to the major general of volunteers. • He was later appointed as General in Chief by Lincoln. • With Grants Army of the Potomac he fought and pinned General Lees army of Virginia. http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/Images/Museum/HistoricalPeople/GrantUS.jpg
The Union http://relations.kimcm.dk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/slavery.jpg • The North (Union) believed that slavery was wrong. • With an Abolitionist movement to the South the Union felt it was morally wrong to hold and use slaves.
The States that made up the South • Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida http://www.culturalresources.com/images/maps/USAcivilBig.jpg
A leader of the Confederates. • Robert E. Lee became the Commander and Chief in Virginia for their military and naval forces. • Lee Defeated many of the Unions Armies as they came to fight for freedom. • And on April 9th 1865 General Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant. http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/Images/Museum/HistoricalPeople/GrantUS.jpg
The Confederates • The Southern (Confederate) States needed slaves to prosper in life. • There whole lives were surrounded by plantation and slaves working those plantations and cotton fields. • Slaves were needed to do the manual labor for the whites, (Slave owners).
The North and the South • Below there is a blank map, do you think you can fill in all the states that belonged to either the North or the South. Try filling in all the blanks, if you cant quite figure it out go back and review what you had learned. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c5/US_map_1864_Civil_War_divisions.svg/800px-US_map_1864_Civil_War_divisions.svg.png
The North and the South Do you think you know the beliefs that the North and the South had, if so give a brief summary or what each side believed. • The North believed that… _______________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ • The South Believed that … _______________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Beginning of Section
A reason why War was fought. • In the South they depended on slaves to survive, the white slave owners made African Americans work for them in terrible conditions. • The usage of slaves in the South was essential for their economy to prosper. • The plantations grew cotton then sold it, these cotton items were sold and these plantation owners became very successful. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/photographs/plantation-slaves.jpg
Slavery During this Time. • The roots of slavery began in 1619 when 20 Africans were brought to an English colony and sold to them. • In 1661 a reference to slavery was entered into Virginias law. • African Americans fates were sealed when the slave codes of 1705 was put into place. • This statues lasted for 160 years, until the end of the Civil War as people fought for freedom.
Causes • A Man named Abraham Lincoln after being elected in 1860 was seen as a threat to the South because of his strong views against slaver. • Abraham Lincoln was a man that strongly supported the 13th Amendment. http://www.topicsites.com/abraham-lincoln/Abraham-Lincoln-bw13.jpg
The 13th Amendment. • Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. • Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Growing Apart, Day by Day • Inside the South, certain Southern states began to put strain on one another with ideals that were growing different. • These confrontations made the Civil War inevitable with the growth of industrialization in the North and through the population boom of the Union. http://boles.com/called/07/coflag10.jpg http://www.wvdot.com/crossings/Graphics/Civil%20War%20Cannon.jpg
Growing Frustrations • Heightened tensions with instate ideals resulted in the state nicknaming Kansas, Bleeding Kansas. • Kansas’s grounds were nicknamed bleeding Kansas because it became a battleground for people that wanted the state to be a slave state versus a free state. http://www-cgsc.army.mil/carl/resources/ftlvn/briefhist/images/PG26.jpg
The Movement • An Abolitionist movement heightened tensions between states during the 1820’s to 1830’s • This movement led the way to the Civil War. • With people from Northern States expressing to the confederates that it was morally wrong to have slaves Southern states also expressed their frustrations.
After the Moments • Get into groups of 5 or 6 students in your classroom and choose one situation that was taught today from the Civil War. • Within your group depict a modern day showing of the event that you chose. • This skit will be presented during the class. Beginning of the Section
Moments that took breathes • The battle of Gettysburg was probably the most infamous battle of all the battles during the Civil War. The battle ended with 160,000 Americans losing their lives for their own sides causes. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.soldierstudies.org/images/webquest/civil%2520war%2520soldiers.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.soldierstudies.org/index.php%3Faction%3Dletters_webquest&h=435&w=449&sz=39&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=OCZN92QN_8HvHM:&tbnh=123&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2BCivil%2BWar%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den
Video of the War, (Reenactment) • As many Americans had lost their lives during this battle and during the whole course of the Civil War, a group does a reenactment to depict what happened on that day. • http://youtube.com/watch?v=EDxrB9-7tHY This link will show you some of the things that happened. http://www.sarahhadley.com/images/magazine/20070520_0954.jpg
The Address that changed the World • The Battle of Gettysburg was seen as a turning point in the Civil War where Abraham Lincoln gives the Gettysburg Address. • The Gettysburg Address was a carefully crafted speech that gave the Union hope and started a revolution that would end in the South’s defeat. http://lincolnstore.com/GettysburgAddress2006.jpg
The Emancipation Proclamation • After the Union’s victory at Antietam, Lincoln released the Emancipation Proclamation. It states to the South that if they do not join the Union states within the Southern States would be freed. Freedom
Although the South hadn't freed all of their Slaves it was important for the Unions because the Emancipation Proclamation allowed much needed black soldiers to fight for their freedom. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://bp3.blogger.com/_89GTuwvH93k/Rm2zIhf-Y3I/AAAAAAAAAVY/D2RJ7v_zORo/s320/black04.jpg&imgrefurl=http://godsrbored.blogspot.com/2007_06_01_archive.html&h=297&w=280&sz=16&hl=en&start=9&um=1&tbnid=a2KrSD36wLM8YM:&tbnh=116&tbnw=109&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bcivil%2Bwar,%2Bsoldiers,%2Bblacks%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den
The “Other” Soldiers. • About 180,000 African Americans fought during the Civil War after the Emancipation Proclamation. • Soldiers that fought during the war were paid $10.00 and $3.50 for clothing allowance. • There was a discrimination in pay though comparing the slaves pay and white soldiers during the Civil War.
The Case that wanted Freedom. • Dred Scott was a black man that wanted freedom in the year 1847 from His Masters Widow but failed to receive freedom due to being unable to prove that Emerson had once owned Scott and his family • Scott attempted to be set free many times but failed because of the supreme court justices that were in favor of slavery. • While many Southerns were pleased with how this case turned out many Northerners were upset because of the unfair ruling and the continued slavery in the South. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2932.html
The end product • As one of our last major events during the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. • Abraham Lincoln was a big supporter of freedom with blacks and was killed because of his beliefs for a free state. http://oneworldpeople.org/images/logo.jpg
Apply your learning. • After learning and going through this lesson go through and talk about some of these defining moments in an open class discussion. • With students participating try relating to some of those situations. • It may be difficult but attempt it. • Bring important insight that may shine light unto the students during this time.
EVALUATE yourself!! • QUIZ!!! • Before taking the Quiz you may go and click on the home button and read and review the different sections that were given. • Otherwise if you think your ready get ready to take the quiz and good luck. Begin Quiz!
What was essential for the South’s economy to survive? Slavery Plantation Systems and Cotton Pomegranete A B C
A is incorrect, Although Slavery was one of the most important things that drove the economy it was not the main thing. Try Again
B is CORRECT!!! Go on to the next question
C is Incorrect. Pomegranate was a fruit that wasn’t even mentioned in the lesson Try again please
What state became a Battleground because of the different instate ideals that were happening that led to tensions? Kansas Texas Illinois A B C
A is CORRECT!! Bleeding Kansas was its nickname because of the internal fighting within its state. Move onto the next question.
B is Incorrect, Texas fought on whos side to be on the Union or Confederates but ultimately decided to be Confederate. Try again
C is Incorrect, Illinois was always a Union State. Try Again
What Movement happened during the 1820’s to 1830’s that made way for the Civil War? Gay Rights Movement The Movement of Cotton Abolitionist movement A B C
A is incorrect, the gay rights movement had nothing to do with this period of time and this movement. Try again
B is incorrect, there is no such thing as the Movement Cotton. Try again.
What did the North (Union) believe? That slaves should be used in their homes to work as laborers. That all people should be free. That slaves should not be allowed any rights. A B C
B is CORRECT, the South wanted slaves not the North. Move onto the next question