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The Pacific Theater PowerPoint Presentation
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The Pacific Theater

The Pacific Theater

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The Pacific Theater

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Pacific Theater

  2. Pearl Harbor

  3. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto

  4. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot

  5. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!

  6. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War

  7. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor

  8. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!

  9. Paying for the War

  10. Paying for the War

  11. Paying for the War

  12. Betty Grable: Allied Pinup GirlShe Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For

  13. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor,the Philippines [March, 1942]

  14. Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.

  15. Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW

  16. Farthest Extent of Japanese Conquests

  17. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942

  18. Battle of the Coral Sea:June 4-6, 1942

  19. Battle of Midway Island:June 4-6, 1942

  20. Battle of Midway Island:June 4-6, 1942

  21. Pacific Theater of Operations

  22. Pacific Strategy • Two Pronged Attack • Island Hopping under Admiral Nimitz from the East • Navy and Marines, one island group at a time • Movement North to retake Philippines under McArthur (army) • After Philippines on to Japan from the South

  23. Allied Counter-Offensive:“Island-Hopping”

  24. “Island-Hopping”: US Troops on Kwajalien Is.

  25. Retaking of the Philippines MacArthur’s Promise Fulfilled

  26. Background info… • In 1942 MacArthur left the Philippines as part of the American retreat/withdraw when the Japanese took the island. He left the people with this promise, “I shall return.” • The plan was to leapfrog these islands and avoid Japanese strongholds and eventually place an attack on Japan. • U.S. troops set up on islands without many Japanese soldiers and used air power to cut supply lines of enemy troops.

  27. Battle for Leyte Gulf • October 23-26 1944, 178,000 Allied troops and 738 ships converged on Leyte Island (in the Philippines). • When General McArthur waded ashore he said “People of the Philippines: I have returned.” • Often considered the largest naval battle in history. • Japanese threw their entire fleet into the battle for Leyte Gulf including a new flying tactic.

  28. KAMIKAZE“Divine Wind” • These were suicide-plane attacks where Japanese pilots crashed their planes into U.S. ships. • 424 kamikaze pilots did suicide missions and sunk 16 ships and damaged another 80.

  29. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Kamikaze is a Japanese word meaning, “divine wind”

  30. Results of the Battle for Leyte Gulf • The battle was a huge victory for the Allies. In 3 days of battle the Japanese lost 10,000 dead; 4 aircraft carriers, 3 battleships, 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers sunk • Americans only suffered 3,000 dead; 1 aircraft carrier, 1 cruiser, 2 escort carriers, 3 destroyers sunk • USA crushed the Japanese navy and left it a weak force in the Pacific war that could no longer pose as an obstacle for American naval operations in the west

  31. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]

  32. Iwo Jima • Bloodiest battle in the Pacific to this point • February 1945 • Small “pork chop-shaped” island only 4 square miles • Airstrips to launch at Japan and for emergency landing of U.S. planes • Most heavily defended area in the world

  33. Iwo Jima

  34. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi,Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]

  35. Potsdam Conference:July, 1945 • FDR dead, Churchill out as Prime Minister during conference. • Stalin only original. • Harry S. Truman has the bomb. • Allies agree Germany to be divided into occupation zonesPoland moved around to suit Soviets.

  36. The Manhattan Project:Los Alamos, NM Major GeneralLesley R. Groves I am become death, the shatterer of worlds! Dr. Robert Oppenheimer

  37. Tinian Island, 1945 Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew

  38. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb

  39. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 • 70,000 killed immediately • 48,000 buildings. destroyed. • 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.

  40. Atomic Bomb • Three elements of the atomic bomb • Heat • Blast • Radiation

  41. The Beginning of theAtomic Age

  42. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 • 40,000 killed immediately • 60,000 injured. • 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.

  43. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors

  44. Hiroshima Memorials

  45. V-J Day (September 2, 1945)

  46. Japanese POWs, Guam

  47. V-J Day in Times Square,NYC

  48. Results of World War II

  49. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations

  50. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations