Understanding Verbals A verbal is a verb that is being used as another part of speech rather than a verb.
Gerunds • A gerund is a verbal that acts as a noun. (always end in “ing”) -Running is great exercise -Most people enjoy eating.
Gerunds • Just like participles, writers sometimes use gerunds to add detail or explanation to make their points clear. • Gerunds are compact ways to add information and action or motion to the end, middle, or beginning of sentences.
Watch the Studio C sketch. Write down as many VERBS as you can (kick, hit, fall, etc.) Be prepared to share your list of verbs with the class.
Now, add “ing” to each verb to turn them into gerunds. Then write five sentences with your gerunds. • Kicking a soccer ball is my favorite pastime. • Hitting a teammate can get you flagged. • I don’t like watching Scott Sterling destroy his face.
Infinitives • An infinitive is a Verbal that appears with the word “to” and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb • To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat
Infinitives An infinitive expresses purpose or complements other parts of speech. It adds more details and action to writing.
Find the infinitives in the lyrics of The Impossible Dream To dream the impossible dream To fight the unbeatable foe To bear with unbearable sorrow To run where the brave dare not go To right the unrightable wrong To love pure and chaste from afar To try when your arms are too weary To reach the unreachable star
This is my quest To follow that star No matter how hopeless No matter how far To fight for the right Without question or pause To be willing to march into Hell For a heavenly cause…
Take your list of verbs from watching the Studio C clip and turn your verbs into infinitives by adding a to in front of each verb (to kick, to hit, to fall). Be ready to share your list of infinitives with the class
Pretend the you are a sports writer and you are writing an article about Scott Sterling. With a partner, write a short paragraph using gerunds and infinitives. Circle your gerunds and infinitives.